Plast - National Scout Organization of Ukraine
Plast is Ukrainian scouting organization. The goal of Plast is to promote an all-round, patriotic education and self-education of Ukrainian youth on Christian principles. Being non-political and non-confession organization, Plast educates youth as conscious, responsible and valuable citizens of local, national and world community, the leaders of the society.
Plast was established in 1911, shortly after scout movement was founded by Robert Baden-Powell in 1907, and already in 1912 in Lviv, Ukraine its members swore the First Plast Oath. Among the founders of Plast there were Dr. Oleksandr Tysovskyy, Petro Franko (son of Ivan Franko – famous Ukrainian poet, writer, political writer and public activist), and Ivan Chmola. The word “Plast” comes from Ukrainian word “plastun” which was the name of Scouts of Ukrainian Cossacks.
Plast's coat of arms is Scouting’s Fleur-de-lis - flower of the lily - inseparably interlaced with Ukrainian coat of arms Trident (“Tryzub”).
To reach its educational goals, Plast uses own unique education method. Its basic principles include free-will membership, education and learning through game and work, gradual system of studies and trials, self-governing in a circle, encouragement of initiative and self-management, perception of the nature and living in the nature, support of special interests and talents of children and youth.
Unlike most scouting organizations in the world where membership is limited by the age of 25 years, membership in Plast is lifelong. Conventionally membership falls into four Age groups: Cub Scouts (age 6-12), Rover Scouts (12-18), Older Plast members (18-35) and Senior Plast members (those turned 35). All educational and administrative work in Plast is performed by Older and Senior Plast members solely on a volunteer basis.
Plast in Ukraine unites about 10.000 members of different ages and by that is the biggest scouting organization in Ukraine. Today about 130 local councils are present in all 24 Ukraine’s administrative units and in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Plast actively cooperates with state authorities and other public organizations implementing various social and educational programs.
During the year Plast in Ukraine conducts more than 100 educational outdoor camps with different specializations: sporting, marine, aeronautical, arts, skiing, alpinist, archaeological, horse-riding, ecological, etc. At these camps Plast members master their knowledge and practical skills obtained during the year at weekly studies. Among the biggest events carried out by Plast on all-Ukrainian level are: intellectual-art competition “Orlykiada”, creative festival “Den Plastuna”, sporting event “Spartakiada”, distribution of Light of Peace from Bethlehem among local communities, touristic contests “Stezhkamy herojiv” and “Osinniy reyd”. On a local level, Plast councils conduct lots of social-cultural and educational events.
Besides Ukraine, Plast also officially
exists in eight states, namely: Australia, Argentina, Canada, Germany,
Poland, Slovakia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Plast
organizations from all nine states are united into world-wide